Political unrest in 2013 lead to the 2014 coup

July 2011
The pro-Thaksin Pheu Thai Party wins a landslide election. Mr Thaksin's sister, Yingluck Shinawatra is appointed Thailand's first female prime minister.

June 2012
Ms Yingluck's government attempts to pass a bill of national reconciliation intended to end the political tensions.

The opposition claims the legislation is designed to protect former prime minister Thaksin and permit his return from exile. Anti-government Yellow Shirts blockade parliament.

November2012
Police disperse 10,000-strong protest in Bangkok calling for overthrow of Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra.
New Pitak Siam (Protect Thailand) movement led by retired Gen Boonlert Kaewprasit unites yellow-shirts and others who see the government as a puppet of exiled former PM Thaksin Shinawatra.

December 2012 
Former Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva is charged with responsibility for the death of a taxi driver shot by troops during anti-government protests in Bangkok in 2010.
April 2013
The Constitutional Court blocks bid by Ms Yingluck's government to amend the 2007 constitution.

November 1, 2013
Anti-government protesters rally in Bangkok against a proposed amnesty bill for political offences committed since 2006.

Critics claim it will protect Mr Thaksin and allow him to return to Thailand  from self-exile in Dubai without punishment.

Unrest

November 24, 2013
Anti-government protests in Bangkok draw large crowds. Democrat Party opposition leader Suthep Thaugsuban resigns to lead protests.

November 30, 2013
Pro-Yingluck Red Shirts rally in Bangkok, and clash with anti-government demonstrators, leaving four dead and dozens injured.

December 1 - 2, 2013
Street clashes continue. Anti-Yingluck protesters in Bangkok fail in their attempt to seize the prime minister’s office and police headquarters.

December 3, 2013
Police withdraw from their HQ, enabling anti-government protesters to make a politically symbolic occupation of the complex and the prime minister's offices.

December 21, 2013
Opposition Democrat Party announces it will boycott the elections if not proceeded by political reforms.

December 24, 2013
Violent street protests leave a police officer dead and dozens injured.

January 4, 2014
Thailand's Electoral Commission announces February elections will proceed as planned.

January 14, 2014
Anti-government protesters occupy key locations in Bangkok in a bid to shut down the capital and force Ms Yingluck's resignation.

January 18, 2014
Tensions increase in Bangkok after a suspected grenade attack on opposition protesters leaves one dead and more than 30 injured.

January 29-31, 2014
Anti-government protesters gather for three days of marches in Bangkok in a final bid to disrupt the general election.

Government supporters and opposition protesters open fire on each other in the streets of Bangkok, wounding nine people.




February 2, 2014
The general election is held amid anti-government protests.

After the vote, the Election Commission announces polling was disrupted in 18 per cent of constituencies - 69 out of 375 nationwide.

Prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra is expected to ultimately win, but an official result is withheld until voting can be carried out in the provinces disrupted by protests.

Ms Yingluck continues as caretaker prime minister.

March 2, 2014
Voting in re-run elections is peacefully held in five provinces where voting was disrupted by anti-government protests during February's general election.

Election re-runs planned for April in other provinces are suspended pending a court decision on whether they are constitutional valid.

March 21, 2014
Thailand's Constitutional Court rules February's general election is invalid.

The country's highest court says polls did not take place on the same day across the country, violating a clause in the constitution.

Thailand has not had a functioning parliament since December and the stalemate is set to continue.

May 6, 2014
Caretaker prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra appears before the Constitutional Court to answer charges over an alleged abuse of power.

Ms Yingluck is charged with abuse of power over her transfer of National Security Council chief Thawil Pliensri in 2011, which opponents say was designed to benefit her Puea Thai Party.

The hearing is Ms Yingluck's last chance to defend herself against the charges which could see her removed from office.

Among the other charges Ms Yingluck faces is one of dereliction of duty over a state rice-buying scheme that critics say is riddled with corruption and has run up huge losses.

These charges were brought by the National Anti-Corruption Commission, which is expected to deliver its ruling later in May.

If found guilty on that count, Ms Yingluck could face a five-year ban from politics.

May 7, 2014
The Constitutional Court delivers a guilty verdict, dismissing prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra and nine of her ministers for abuse of power.

"Throughout my time as prime minister I have given my all to my work for the benefit of my countrymen ... I have never committed any unlawful acts as I have been accused of doing," Ms Yingluck said in a televised news conference after the verdict.

"From now on, no matter what situation I am in, I will walk on the path of democracy. I am sad that I will not be able to serve you after this."

Commerce minister Niwatthamrong Boonsongphaisan steps into the prime minister's role and says the caretaker government will press ahead with plans for a July 20 election.

May 7, 2014
The Constitutional Court delivers a guilty verdict, dismissing prime minister Yingluck Shinawatra and nine of her ministers for abuse of power.

"Throughout my time as prime minister I have given my all to my work for the benefit of my countrymen ... I have never committed any unlawful acts as I have been accused of doing," Ms Yingluck said in a televised news conference after the verdict.

"From now on, no matter what situation I am in, I will walk on the path of democracy. I am sad that I will not be able to serve you after this."

Commerce minister Niwatthamrong Boonsongphaisan steps into the prime minister's role and says the caretaker government will press ahead with plans for a July 20 election.

May 20, 2014
Thailand's army declares martial law in an announcement on military TV.

The announcement said martial law had been invoked "to restore peace and order for people from all sides", stressing that the move "was not a coup".

"The public do not need to panic but can still live their lives as normal," it added.

The Thai government says it was not consulted in advance of the military declaration but that acting prime minister Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan remains in power.

The 2014 Coup

May 22, 2014
Thailand's military chief General Prayuth Chan-ocha takes power in a coup d'état.

"In order to run the country smoothly, [coup leaders have] suspended the constitution of 2007, except for the chapter on the monarchy," said a statement read out on national television.

The move came after military-hosted talks between the kingdom's political rivals apparently failed to reach a compromise on ending nearly seven months of mass protests on the streets of Bangkok.

After the coup announcement soldiers moved rapidly on the "red shirt" camp on the outskirts of Bangkok, as well as towards the anti-government demonstrators' camp in the centre of town. Troops fired into the air to disperse the pro-government protest camp.




The military has detained more than 150 politicians and activists and banned them from leaving the country. The junta issued an order banning all media from reporting information deemed a threat to national security, any criticism of the army's new governing body, the National Peace and Order Maintenance Council (NPOMC), or news that could incite confusion, conflict or unrest, online newspaper.

June 2014

King Bhumibol gives his assent to an interim constitution enacted by the junta and giving the military sweeping powers.

August 2014

Coup leader General Prayuth Chan-ocha is made prime minister.

March 2015 
Coup-appointed Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha ends martial law, continues to rule by executive order.

May 2015 
Military government to hold referendum on new constitution in early 2016, delaying move to restore democracy.Ex-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra pleads not guilty at start of trial on charges of negligence over rice subsidy scheme. She faces up to 10 years in prison if found guilty.


December 2015
The National Anti-Corruption Commission dismissed charged against the former prime minister Abhisit  Vejjajiva, former deputy priminister Suthep Thaugsuban and retired army chief Anupong Paojinda for ordering a 2010 crackdown on anti-government protesters.

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